Industrial valves are extremely important for food processing, oil, gas, pharmaceutical, and power industries among others. They contribute greatly to safety and efficiency.
The global industrial valve market value is estimated to grow from $58,547.9 million to $93,664.9 million by 2028 because they are so necessary.
These valves open, close, or partially block openings to control the flow of liquid or gas through a system.
There are several types of industrial valves and they all have different applications and functions for specific jobs. This guide will explain the different types and how they’re used.
A ball valve is a quarter-turn valve with a ball inside. The ball has a hole in it that allows passage when the valve is open. It’s one of the easiest valves to use because it only takes a 90-degree turn of the handle to open and close.
They are low maintenance and don’t require lubrication. However, their seals will erode faster than other valves due to poor throttling.
These valves are often used for residential purposes but are also used in industries like oil, natural gas, and manufacturing.
A gate valve controls flow through pipes and they’re mounted to pipelines. This is a common valve type found in homes and commercial settings.
When this valve opens it lifts a circular or rectangular gate that allows unobstructed flow through the pipeline.
Gate valves are great at reducing pressure loss, but they do not open and close very quickly. They need routine maintenance such as valve grease and can require complex repairs if not maintained properly.
A butterfly valve uses a metal disc in its body that is horizontal to the flow when closed. Liquid flow is controlled intermediately and operates electronically, manually, or pneumatically.
A few common uses for this valve include wastewater treatment, fire protection, and gas supplies. They work well for processes using pipes with large diameters.
They are compact, lightweight, and simple to install. However, they do not have tight shut-offs and have limited throttling capabilities.
Balancing valves are commonly used in heating and cooling systems. They equalize the hydraulic pressure to create ideal temperatures in a building.
They are often used for optimizing energy efficiency and lowering costs. However, they require a large space and cause substantial vibration.
Globe valves are very popular and look like a sphere with a disk inside. They use linear motion to throttle flow similar to a gate valve.
They are less likely to leak than other valve types and can handle high temperatures. However, they are prone to losing pressure and require a lot of torque to shut off.
They are ideal for feedwater systems, extraction drain systems, and chemical feed systems among many others.
A check valve only allows flow in one direction and can operate without human interaction. They prevent reverse flow that could potentially damage equipment and halt processes.
They’re great at preventing backflow but can not be used in pulsating systems. These valves are often used in chemical plants and pipes that carry more than one gas type.
Knowing Types of Industrial Valves
Now you know about some of the most popular types of industrial valves. they each have advantages and disadvantages and now you can determine which is best for a specific job.
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