Many people planning to buy a property or vacant land desire to secure a coastal region. In recent years there is an upsurge of coastal development, and the real estate industry is booming. The idea of waking up in the morning to look at the sea is an exciting scene. Those planning to own home love the idea of living near water and not the one-time experience when they are touring these coastal regions.
Beach homes are a great investment for everyone considering enjoying stunning views every day and numerous activities. A location like Sunshine Coast developments is a dream for many people desiring to become homeowners. But before you speed up to secure the place and build your dream home, there are things you need to consider. And have been highlighted below to guide your building project on the coast.
Know the building codes for coastline construction
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You have to get conversant with the coast building codes to avoid issues with the authorities. International Building Code (IBC) is the one that regulates coastal construction. Therefore, make sure you adhere to the rules and guidelines before starting the building process.
The codes and regulations help ensure that all new structures that are erected can withstand soil erosion, high waves, potential flooding, and high winds. So, some of the requirements include:
Ø All coastal building foundations should be constructed using materials resistant to flood and designed to withstand any flood forces.
Ø Construction documents must have all the information listed about proper building elevation and flood conditions.
Ø Houses in areas with High-Velocity Wave Action (HVWA), also known as V-zones, should have their information listed about the lowest elevation that can utilize horizontal structural components.
Also, you should have documentation that proves the building can withstand floods, high winds and cannot float, move from its designed position literally, or collapse. When you meet this requirement, it means you require a custom foundation for your building.
Why do Coastal buildings need to be elevated?
The building process in coastal regions is not the same as in other regions. Coastal buildings are designed in a way that protects them from issues of strong winds, wave action, flooding, and more. An elevated building designed with deep foundation piles helps prevent any damage to the structures from shifting soil and soil erosion. Sometimes National Flood Insurance Program may require homes found in flood-prone areas to elevate their buildings to a BFE level which is the required or expected water level during a 100-year flood.
Determining the best foundation for a beach home
After the flood region has been identified, any beach building construction is ready to start making sure the right type of foundation is placed. And if you are wondering what the best types of home foundations to design a beachfront home are. Here are the four types of foundations that can be utilized: micropiles, bored piles, driven piles, and screw piles.
The type of pile you choose to use depends on the location and the type of soil below the surface. Driven piles are the most type of foundation that many people choose. But if you require a deeper foundation, micropiles type may work better. Also, you rely on experts that have a better understanding of coastal region developments for guidance.
Identifying flood zones
Before embarking on any building project, it’s vital to know the type of flood zone your land is located in. According to Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), they categorize or identify four types of flood zones, including unknown but suspected as flood risk areas, high-risk coastal areas, low to moderate and high-risk areas. These regions are further broken down into about 12 zones:
Low to moderate risk
Zone B and X are categorized as moderate flood areas ranging between 100 to 500-year flood levels. In comparison, zone C and X are known as low hazard regions that go above the 500-year level.
These areas are not found along with the coastal areas. They can include structures located along rivers, levees, and lakes. Their zones include A, AE, A1-30, AH, AD, AR, & A99.
High-risk coastal areas
These regions are zoned V, VE, & V1-30. They have more than one percent chance of experiencing floods yearly and particular considerations from waves. Also, they’ve been identified as having a 26% chance of experiencing floods at least once throughout a 30-year mortgage.
According to flood maps, the areas designated as Zone D are thought to have some level of flood risk, but it’s not determined yet about their precise risk.
Securing land to build your dream home or business premises is a great achievement, especially in coastal regions. The prices are continuously on the rise because people want to enjoy the beautiful view and cool temperatures. But before you realize your dream, make sure you follow the development procedures as shared above.